In December 2019,there was an outbreak of a novel virus,Coronavirus in Wuhan Seafood market,China.It was named Covid-19 by the World Health Organization (WHO).The virus which was novel belonged to the family of Beta-Coronavirus subgroup, and housed other viruses like SARS(Severe acute respiratory syndrome)- CoV and MERS(Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)-CoV which both had origins in Asia.
In March 2020,the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the covid-19 outbreak a pandemic as it affected over 100 countries all over the world.
WHAT ARE IT’S SYMPTOMS?
This novel virus has an incubation period of two to fourteen days(2-14 days) after exposure. It’s major symptoms include
Other symptoms are
– Shortening/difficulty in breathing
– Chest Pain
– Sore throat
The virus thrives more in cold environments. It loses a percentage of its virulence in hot weather conditions. Individuals that were much older or already had a n existing diseases or condition such as stated below were at a higher risk of contacting the Covid-19
Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD)
Weakened Immune System e.g HIV/AIDS
The pandemic affected about 217 countries worldwide. To know the latest statistic,check here. The ratio of recovery to deaths was 32.3:1.In other words, the percentage of recovered cases was 97% as opposed to deaths 3%.With countries like USA, India and Brazil becoming the most affected countries with the highest number of Covid-19 cases.
IS THERE POSSIBILITY OF A SECOND WAVE?
There has been speculations that the Covid-19 would come on stronger after it’s initial outbreak early in 2020.This second wave could be likened to sea wave according to medical experts,which goes up and comes down with each cycle. The reasons for these speculations are hinged on the fact that
1. The Spanish flu which occurred in 1918,there was a second wave which was more deadlier than the first. So it’s extremely possible that a second wave of Covid-19 could come up.
2. Another factor that could increase the chances of a second wave hitting home is the continuous relaxation of lockdown restrictions. The lockdown restrictions helped a great deal in preventing the disease from spreading further.
As cases keep growing, it will be relatively faster. This is because, a second wave could become bigger than the first,due to individuals being more susceptible. Some countries like Germany has introduced lockdown for the second time due to spike in the number of active cases. However, the role of weather and climate cannot be overemphasized as the disease was more virulent during the winter and reduced during spring. But with the introduction and availability of vaccines,things would undoubtedly make a 360 degree turn. And it could be the end of the Covid-19 pandemic.